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History of the Whip". Office of the house majority whip. Archived from the original on 5 December 2010 . Retrieved 18 April 2010. In both houses of the Cortes Generales, the Spanish legislature, political parties appoint a member to the role of portavoz adjunto (deputy spokesperson),  which is the third authority of the parliamentary group after the leader and the spokesperson. The deputy spokesperson enforces party discipline in every vote, being thus the equivalent of a party whip in English-speaking countries.  South Africa [ edit ] Parliament of Australia: Parliamentary Library. Free Votes in Australian and some Overseas Parliaments.
In the American remake of House of Cards, Frank Underwood is the House Majority Whip for the US Democratic Party. The series charts Underwood's ambitious rise through his party's ranks until he becomes president. The name Frank Underwood was chosen to have the same initials as the original trilogy's protagonist Francis Urquhart, and to reference Oscar Underwood, the first party whip for the US Democratic Party. [ citation needed] Further information: Party leaders of the United States House of Representatives and Party leaders of the United States SenateThe timing of most votes are difficult to predict and TDs are expected to stay within earshot of the division bell at all times. All TDs are expected to vote with their party and to receive permission if they intend to be absent for a vote. Free votes are not a common feature of the Irish parliamentary tradition but they do happen on occasion, and there are calls for them to happen more often. For instance, Fianna Fáil usually allowed a free vote on abortion bills, as in the Protection of Human Life In Pregnancy Act.  Red cards will be issued when there is a potential risk to horse welfare. An advisory notice will be issued and reported to the BRC office. Competitors who receive a red card will not be permitted to compete in the qualifier or championship where the flu vac failure has been identified at. The horse may not be able to compete at subsequent qualifiers or championships depending upon the error, until this is corrected.
A two-line or double-line whip is an instruction to attend and vote; partially binding for voting according to the party's position, attendance required unless prior permission given by the whip.Party whips in Malaysia serve a similar role as in other Westminster system-based parliamentary democracies. However, party discipline tends to be tighter in Malaysia and therefore the role of the whip is generally less important, though its importance is heightened when the government majority is less in the lower house. Additionally, the term "whip" may mean the voting instructions issued to legislators,  or the status of a certain legislator in their party's parliamentary grouping.